Orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeons are subspecialists who care for both routine and also complex problems involving the lower leg, foot and ankle.These physicians have extra training ( called a fellowship ) that allows them to diagnose and care for the more difficult lower extremity problems. Routine problems include bunions, hammertoes, common fractures, sprains and strains occuring in all age groups and in both the elite athlete and weekend warrior. These are cared for by the general orthopaedist and the foot and ankle specialist. Patients with more complex problems like advanced athritis, severe tendon injuries, complex fractures, congenital anomalies, nerve injuries and diabetic foot and ankle care are usually referred to the Wellington foot and ankle team. This team approach includes orthopaedic surgeons, podiatrists, pedorthotist (someone who is trained in making both orthotics and braces for the lower extremity), physical therapists and trainers.